Living Guide – Bahrain

History of Bahrain

The Kingdom of Bahrain is actually an archipelago of 33 islands in the Arabian Gulf. Around 5000 years ago Bahrain was home to the Bronze Age civilization of Dilmun, which lasted some two millenia. Since then Bahrain has been occupied alternately by Babylonians, Sumerians, Greeks, Persians, Portuguese & Turks, among others.The Dilmuns were powerful and influential people. Situated along popular trade routes between southern Iraq and India and Pakistan, Dilmun was a center of business, a tradition Bahrain still holds dear as a financial hub of the Middle East. In the fourth century BC, Nearchus, a general in the army of Alexander the Great, explored Bahrain, when it was known by the Greek name Tylos. Greek writer Pliny commented on Tylos’ beautiful pearls in his writing in the first century AD.
Omanis conquered Bahrain in 1487 & erected a fort whose ruins still exist and Portuguese also entered the scene until 1602 when Bahrainis themselves drove them from their island and then invited Persians in for protection. The Al-Khalifa family arrived from Kuwait and drove out the Persians in 1783. The Al Khalifas rule the land benevolently to this day with revolution.

Oil was found in Bahrain in 1932, the first discovery of oil on the Arab side of the Gulf. The reserve, however, is relatively small. Accordingly, Bahrain has moved judiciously through the twentieth century, diversifying its economy & nurturing international business relationships.

The year of 1968, an agreement ended a century as a British protectorate and, by 1971, Bahrain earned total independence. Today, Bahrain becomes model of stability. In 2000, as promised, the Amir inaugurated a new era of democracy in Bahrain. October of that year witnessed substantial political reforms. Citizens voted in elections that established a bi-cameral parliament. In 2001, women voted for the first time. Bahraini’s today enjoy a greater voice in the laws that govern them—an uncommon freedom in the Gulf.

    Guidance for Expatriation in Bahrain

Visa Procedure :

Expatriation’s wishing to visit or work in Bahrain would now be able to know if they are eligible for a visa, apply and even view its status electronically without the need of being present in person.

You can determine if you are eligible for any visa and what’s required online:

Online Visa eligibility – Click Here

In case the information is invalid or unaccepted, procedures can be done manually following the below mentioned steps.

Regular Visas:

  1. Should fill the visa application form and attach it with a recent photo.
  2. Must submit a letter to the Head of Mission detailing the reasons for getting your visa.
  3. Regular visa is issued for only one travel.
  4. Visa application is sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for approval.
  5. To bring the wife of the applicant, need to requested to submit an original marriage contract certified from official agencies in the country of issuance.
  6. Also requested to submit a copy of the passports of the husband and wife.
  7. Should submit a photo of the wife.
  8. All documents are sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bahrain to For approval.

Working Visas:

  1. Work visas are issued based on the Non-Objection Certificate (N.O.C) issued by the General Directorate of Nationality, Passports and Residence in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
  2. Working Visas cannot be issued without taking prior approval from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Visa form is is available here from attached link, which could be printed out here & filled alongside Required attachments for submission to Bahraini diplomatic missions abroad or the General Directorate for Nationality, Passports and Residence in Bahrain.

Can apply for visa electronically (e-visa) from the types of available visas listed. A choice would be open to whatever is more suitable as some of the visas would on offer instantaneously on line. This could be all done by visiting e-visa website.

Go online for e-visa – Click Here
There will be no need to make phone calls or be present at the directorate – status updates will be completely visible online through visiting online visa status serviceTrack Visa Status – Click Here


  • Ensure that passport is valid for no less than six months.
  • Confirm that you have the required visas to any destination you are travelling to, and ensure they are valid.
  • Make sure to confirm that all your bookings for travel & accommodation are in order.
  • Make sure you have brought all relevant travel documents & any necessary personal effects.
  • Keep enough money for the Trip as well as some back up funds in case of emergency, in a mix of cash & travelers cheques, making sure to note the numbers of cheques before you go.
  • Make sure to keep your passport and any copies of your travel documents secure at all times. If you are staying at a hotel use the safety deposit box if available. In case of loss or theft you should immediately file a report at the nearest police station and file your copy of the police report with one of the Kingdom’s diplomatic and consular missions. In the event that the Kingdom does not have any missions near to your location, you can instead file the police report with the mission of any member state of the Gulf Cooperation Council. In case of loss, please refer to our Passport Services section for details of what you should do.
  • Know and respect the laws and regulations of the country that you are visiting, including border regulations. For instance, some countries might limit the amount of currency or money you can enter or leave with.
  • Be Safe. Avoid suspicious or dangerous areas. Rely on common sense and your instincts to steer clear of trouble. Don’t take risks that you would not do at home.
  • In the event you face any problem, we advise that you immediately contact the nearest diplomatic mission or consulate of the Kingdom of Bahrain. If the Kingdom of Bahrain does not maintain a mission where you are, contact the mission of one of the GCC Member States in order to request assistance. Remember we are here to help you or put you in touch with people who can.

The MOFA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) & missions of the Kingdom of Bahrain abroad can be reached according to the contact details outlined in this website for ready reference, so make sure to keep the contact details of your nearest embassy or consulate with you in case of emergency.

Working in Bahrain :

Visas are required by all visitors to Bahrain except GCC Nationalities. All other visitors must have one of any visas:

The tourist visas are issued for stays of two weeks to citizens of the European Union (EU), Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, New Zealand and the USA.

Applicants must possess valid, up-to-date passports and a return or onward ticket.

A visa fee of BD5 (approx INR 600) is applied and can be obtained at entry at the Bahrain International Airport.

 Tourist visas don’t allow visitors to engage in any employment.

  • 72 hour/7 day Visas

Obtained on arrival at the Bahrain International Airport or at the King Fahad Causeway. In addition to a passport, the passenger must have a confirmed return/onward journey ticket for the visa application to be processed.

Requirements to Live and Work in Bahrain

Anyone wishing to live and legally work in Bahrain will need to apply for the following visas and permits. Employers are advised to arrange and process necessary documents to the Labour Market Regulatory Authority prior to the arrival of their employees and dependents.

Work Visa, submitted to and issued by Labour Market Regulatory Authority. Requirements:

  • Visa application form
  • Employee’s passport
  • Passport size photograph
  • Sponsorship Letter: a letter of employment indicating employer’s name/organization, commercial registration number, employee’s capacity, salary, contract duration, employee’s name, birth date and nationality
  • Copy of the employment contract
  • Health record from an authorised clinic
  • Fee is BD100

Residency Permit (Family Visa), submitted to Labour Market Regulatory Authority and issued by General Department for Nationality & Passport Residence. Requirements:

  • Application form
  • Employee & family’s passport copies
  • Employee’s sponsorship letter
  • Employee’s Employment contract
  • Family health record from an authorised clinic
  • BD22 fee per applicant

CPR Card (Identification Card), submitted to and issued by Central Informatics Organization. Requirements:

  • Employee (or spouse) passport
  • Sponsorship letter stating names of dependents
  • Marriage certificate (for spouse) and birth certificate (for children)
  • BD1 fee per applicant

Working across Government Ministries and bodies, we can facilitate easy entry to the Bahrain market, ensuring you can make it happen for your business in the Kingdom.

Indian Expatriation are recommended to keep the NRI account to get more facilities and loans. As you more aware that, if you are purchasing anything india (like home / vehicles / land), tax is not applicable.

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